Nature发表两篇通信文章:孔庄文化未阻碍科研

关键词:Nature,科研,传统文化

3月21日,中国学者在《自然》杂志发表两篇通信文章,他们表示不同意清华大学教授宫鹏的“孔庄文化阻碍中国科研”的观点,并认为中国科研问题的恶化正是由于对传统文化的尊重不够。

南京师范大学的徐克谦教授认为,中国传统文化没有崇尚孤立,也没有抑制知识分子好奇心。中国传统文化提倡客观性和高尚的道德标准,而中国科研问题的恶化正是由于对这些传统文化的尊重不够。福建工程学院的苏建新教授表示,孔庄文化促进了科学技术的进步,比如纸和指南针的发明。孔子思想具有普遍性和永恒性,已经影响了包括日本在内的许多其他亚洲国家。

徐克谦在文章中表示,学术不端等问题让中国政府对高教和科研的投入大打折扣。中国科学家应该按照国际标准,致力于中国科研的提升。对中国学术界来说,现在是重新树立对传统文化的尊重,并建立一个健康、透明学术体系的时候了。(生物谷Bioon.com)

PK专题:孔庄文化是否阻碍中国科研进步?

Nature:  China: A cultural shift for science   Keqian Xu

I disagree that the ancient cultural influences of Confucius and Zhuang Zhou are to blame for the problems pervading China's academic research today (Nature 481, 411; 2012). Neither sage encouraged isolation or inhibited intellectual curiosity. I believe that China's problems are exacerbated by insufficient respect for these cultural traditions, which promote such values as objectivity and high moral standards.

China's scientists should be devoting themselves to the advance of research that abides by international scientific standards. Misconduct and other flaws undermine the Chinese government's increased investment in higher education and scientific research.

It is time for the research community in China to rekindle its respect for cultural traditions and to take responsibility for creating a healthy, transparent academic system.

Nature:China: Philosophers sparked good science    Jianxin Su  & Cheng Lu

Peng Gong misrepresents the thoughts of Chinese philosophers Confucius and Zhuang Zhou by suggesting that they hinder scientific advancement in modern China (Nature 481, 411; 2012).

Confucius encouraged curiosity and practice in teaching and learning. His thoughts are universal and timeless, and have influenced many other Asian countries — including Japan, where sound science thrives.

Zhuang advocated harmony so that we could fulfil our essential connection with nature. This view is pertinent in today's China, where the environment and human health are being damaged by explosive and unbalanced development.

Moreover, Confucius, Zhuang and other ancient Chinese philosophers made significant advances in science, technology, medicine, mathematics, astronomy and architecture, with inventions such as paper and the compass having a large impact on civilization.

Nature:清华大学宫鹏教授认为传统文化阻碍中国科研进步

Nature:孔子和庄子文化阻碍科研

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