Nature: China: A cultural shift for science Keqian Xu
I disagree that the ancient cultural influences of Confucius and Zhuang Zhou are to blame for the problems pervading China's academic research today (Nature 481, 411; 2012). Neither sage encouraged isolation or inhibited intellectual curiosity. I believe that China's problems are exacerbated by insufficient respect for these cultural traditions, which promote such values as objectivity and high moral standards.
China's scientists should be devoting themselves to the advance of research that abides by international scientific standards. Misconduct and other flaws undermine the Chinese government's increased investment in higher education and scientific research.
It is time for the research community in China to rekindle its respect for cultural traditions and to take responsibility for creating a healthy, transparent academic system.
Nature：China: Philosophers sparked good science Jianxin Su & Cheng Lu
Peng Gong misrepresents the thoughts of Chinese philosophers Confucius and Zhuang Zhou by suggesting that they hinder scientific advancement in modern China (Nature 481, 411; 2012).
Confucius encouraged curiosity and practice in teaching and learning. His thoughts are universal and timeless, and have influenced many other Asian countries — including Japan, where sound science thrives.
Zhuang advocated harmony so that we could fulfil our essential connection with nature. This view is pertinent in today's China, where the environment and human health are being damaged by explosive and unbalanced development.
Moreover, Confucius, Zhuang and other ancient Chinese philosophers made significant advances in science, technology, medicine, mathematics, astronomy and architecture, with inventions such as paper and the compass having a large impact on civilization.