您现在的位置: 生物谷 > 生物制药 > 新药研发 > 正文

Vertex囊性纤维化药物VX-661/Kalydeco组合疗法II期显著改善患者肺功能

2014年5月2日讯 /生物谷BIOON/ --Vertex制药5月1日公布了实验性药物VX-661的概念验证II期实验的积极数据。研究数据表明,与安慰剂+Kalydeco相比,VX-661+Kalydeco组合疗法,使同时携带F508删除突变和G551D突变的囊性纤维化(Cystic Fibrosis )患者肺功能(FEV1)取得了统计学意义的显著改善。经过28天治疗后,VX-661+Kalydeco使F508del/G551D突变囊性纤维化患者肺功能平均改善达4.6%。

如果获批,VX-661将成为Vertex公司第二个靶向囊性纤维化根本病因的治疗药物。

囊性纤维化是一种罕见遗传病,由囊性纤维化跨膜转导调节因子(CFTR)基因突变导致CFTR蛋白缺陷或缺失导致。该病是一种侵犯多脏器的遗传性疾病,主要表现为外分泌腺的功能紊乱,粘液腺增生,分泌液粘稠,汗液氯化钠含量增高。临床上有肺脏、气道、胰腺、肠道、胆道、输精管、子宫颈等的腺管被粘稠分泌物堵塞所引起一系列症状,而以呼吸系统损害最为突出。

Kalydeco(ivacaftor)专为携带特定CFTR突变的患者设计,该药于2012年获批,用于6岁及以上年龄群携带囊性纤维化跨膜电导调节因子(CFTR)基因上至少单拷贝G551D突变的囊性纤维化(CF)患者。Kalydeco是首个靶向该病根本病因的药物,可使G551D突变患者体内缺陷性CFTR蛋白发挥正常功能。

目前,Vertex公司正在II期临床评价VX-661+Kalydeco组合疗法用于携带不同基因突变的患者群体。(生物谷Bioon.com)

英文原文:Addition of VX-661 to KALYDECO® (ivacaftor) Improves Lung Function in People with CF Who Are Heterozygous for the F508del and G551D Mutations in 28-day Phase 2 Proof-of-Concept Study

-Data provide proof-of-concept for use of VX-661 to further enhance CFTR function in people taking KALYDECO who have the F508del mutation and another mutation known to respond to KALYDECO alone-

-Statistically significant improvements in lung function, as well as decreases in sweat chloride, observed through 28 days of treatment with VX-661 and KALYDECO-

BOSTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated (Nasdaq: VRTX) today announced that treatment with the combination of VX-661 and KALYDECO® (ivacaftor) in a 28-day Phase 2 study showed statistically significant improvements in lung function (FEV1) in people with both the F508del mutation and G551D mutation who were already taking KALYDECO. VX-661 was added to patients' ongoing KALYDECO treatment for four weeks to evaluate the safety of the combination regimen as well as the effect on lung function, sweat chloride and other measures. In addition to improvements in FEV1, the addition of VX-661 also resulted in decreases in sweat chloride through the 28-day treatment period. Treatment with a combination of KALYDECO and VX-661 for 28 days resulted in a mean within-group absolute improvement in lung function of 4.6 percentage points (p=0.012), a mean within-group relative improvement in lung function of 7.3% (p=0.012) and a mean reduction in sweat chloride of -7.02 mmol/L (p=0.053) through the end of treatment. Following the 28-day treatment period, lung function and sweat chloride levels returned toward baseline. VX-661 was generally well-tolerated when dosed in combination with KALYDECO, and all 18 patients completed the 28-day treatment period.

This is the first proof-of-concept clinical study of a combination of a CFTR corrector (VX-661) and KALYDECO in people with CF heterozygous for the F508del mutation and a mutation, such as G551D, known to be responsive to KALYDECO. The study was conducted following in vitro observations that showed the addition of VX-661 to KALYDECO further enhanced CFTR function in human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells heterozygous for the F508del and G551D mutations. The clinical results announced today demonstrated the potential for a combination of VX-661 and KALYDECO to further enhance the benefit of treatment with KALYDECO alone in people with the F508del mutation and a mutation known to respond to KALYDECO.

"Consistent with observations from in vitro studies, these results provide an important proof-of-concept for the use of VX-661 in combination with KALYDECO to provide the potential for further benefit in people already being treated with KALYDECO alone who have one F508del mutation and another mutation known to respond to KALYDECO alone," said Jeffrey Chodakewitz, M.D., Senior Vice President and Chief Medical Officer at Vertex. "While this study was small and evaluated the combination regimen for only four weeks, it provided important scientific evidence that we continue to make progress toward our goal of helping more people with CF and enhancing the benefit our medicines may provide. We look forward to further evaluation of this regimen to better understand the role that VX-661 and KALYDECO may play in the treatment of people with CF."

About the Study

Patients in this randomized, double-blind study must have received KALYDECO for at least four weeks prior to entering the study. Patients in the study were ages 12 and older and had received KALYDECO for an average of approximately one year. Patients received VX-661, or placebo, in combination with their ongoing KALYDECO treatment for four weeks. To measure both the on-treatment and off-treatment effect of VX-661 in combination with KALYDECO, observations were made at baseline (Day 0), every week during the treatment period (Day 0 - 28) and at multiple timepoints in the four-week period after the completion of treatment (Day 28 - 56). Eighteen patients enrolled in the study, and 14 of these patients received VX-661 (100 mg once daily) in addition to their ongoing treatment with KALYDECO (150 mg q12h). The remaining four patients received placebo and KALYDECO to ensure the study was blinded.

The primary endpoints of the study were safety, tolerability and change in sweat chloride. Change in lung function (percent predicted forced expiratory volume in one second; PPFEV1) was measured as a secondary endpoint.

Safety Results: In the study, VX-661 was generally well-tolerated when dosed in combination with KALYDECO, and all 18 patients completed the study. The most common adverse events in the treatment group were cough, pulmonary exacerbation, headache and upper respiratory tract infection. One serious adverse event of arthritis occurred in the VX-661 treatment arm and was deemed unrelated to VX-661 or KALYDECO.

Efficacy Results: The baseline lung function and sweat chloride levels for patients who were randomized to receive VX-661 and KALYDECO were 59.1 percent predicted FEV1 and 52.9 mmol/L, respectively.

Next Steps

Additional studies of longer duration and with additional patients will be required to further validate these results. Currently, a 12-week study of VX-661 in combination with ivacaftor is ongoing in people with two copies of the F508del mutation. This study is designed to evaluate safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics to characterize VX-661 for further clinical development. Based on the data announced today, and pending data from the ongoing 12-week study in patients homozygous for the F508del mutation, Vertex plans to discuss with global regulatory authorities the potential approval pathway for VX-661 in combination with KALYDECO for people with CF who have the F508del mutation and another mutation known to respond to KALYDECO alone.

About KALYDECO (ivacaftor)

KALYDECO (ivacaftor) is the first medicine to treat the underlying cause of CF in people with specific mutations in the CFTR gene. Known as a CFTR potentiator, KALYDECO is an oral medicine that aims to help the CFTR protein function more normally once it reaches the cell surface, to help hydrate and clear mucus from the airways. KALYDECO (150mg, q12h) was first approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in January 2012 for use in people with CF ages 6 and older who have at least one copy of the G551D mutation and in February 2014 for use in people with CF ages 6 and older who have the following additional CFTR mutations: G178R, S549N, S549R, G551S, G1244E, S1251N, S1255P and G1349D.

KALYDECO was approved by the European Medicines Agency in July 2012, by Health Canada in November 2012 and by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia in July 2013 for use in people with CF ages 6 and older who have at least one copy of the G551D mutation in the CFTR gene.

Vertex retains worldwide rights to develop and commercialize KALYDECO.

About Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a rare, life-threatening genetic disease affecting approximately 75,000 people in North America, Europe and Australia. Today, the median predicted age of survival for a person with CF is between 34 and 47 years, but the median age of death remains in the mid-20s.

CF is caused by a defective or missing CFTR protein resulting from mutations in the CFTR gene. Children must inherit two defective CFTR genes — one from each parent — to have CF. There are more than 1,900 known mutations in the CFTR gene. Some of these mutations, which can be determined by a genetic, or genotyping test, lead to CF by creating non-working or too few CFTR protein at the cell surface. The defective function or absence of CFTR proteins in people with CF results in poor flow of salt and water into and out of the cell in a number of organs, including the lungs. This leads to the buildup of abnormally thick, sticky mucus that can cause chronic lung infections and progressive lung damage.

Collaborative History with Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Therapeutics, Inc. (CFFT)

Vertex initiated its CF research program in 1998 as part of a collaboration with CFFT, the nonprofit drug discovery and development affiliate of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. This collaboration was expanded to support the accelerated discovery and development of Vertex's CFTR modulators.

关键词:Vertex制药,囊性纤维化,VX-661,Kalydeco,基因突变

信息来源:生物谷